Evidence—Based Supported Employment (EBSE) signiﬁcantly increases employment rates
for individuals with severe mental illness; however, 40%-60% of EBSE participants fail to
This article argues that increased time crime-free is an indicator of positive behavior change that should be supplemented with clinical interventions to help formerly incarcerated persons maintain the initial motivation associated with employment.
A successful return to work can help people regain a lost sense of purpose and identity, which is crucial to achieving optimal life goals. It is proposed that motivation for work can be clarified and enhanced by the skilled application of a MI technique. Further work and research in this area is needed.
Sick-listed workers experienced MI as positive due to the good relationship that developed with the MI caseworker, how this normalized sick leave, and the help they received with adjusting their RTW strategies. Professionals working with individuals attempting to RTW may benefit from using MI as a method for helping sick-listed workers to RTW.