The purpose of this study was to explore how sport and exercise psychologists working in sport understand and use motivational interviewing. This counseling style appears to have several tenets to enhance current practice in sport psychology, not least the enhancement of therapeutic alliance.
Instead of confronting athletes about their poor academics or lackluster work ethic begin productive conversations by first asking them questions such as, “Can we spend a few minutes talking about your attitude and effort?”
Understanding coach-athlete interactions has become an important research priority in sport. This is hardly surprising given that athletes report a host of psychological maladies – including elevated worry and greater concentration disruption or diminished vitality – when coaches attempt to control or coerce their behavior.
While obesity is on the increase, interventions that seek to change physical activity or dietary
behavior tend to have limited success in the long-term. Consistently effective approaches for facilitating lifestyle change within primary health care settings are yet to be determined.
The clear reporting of the counseling approach (and theoretical underpinning) applied by sport psychologists is often missing, with a tendency to focus on intervention content rather than therapeutic processes and relationship building. Well defined psychotherapies such as Motivational Interviewing can help fill this void and provide an underpinning counseling approach (in an athlete-centered manner) as a framework for delivering interventions such as psychological skills training.
Over the past 20 years, there has been a wealth of research on the implementation and evaluation of physical activity promoting interventions. Among these is Physical Activity Counselling, an individual, face-to-face intervention that uses a Motivational Interviewing counselling style and other behavior change techniques for eliciting physical activity behavior change.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 10-week intervention, using MI procedures, on selected measures of fitness, blood lipids (reflecting changes in exercise and dietary habits), and exercise adherence among 67 police officers—54 men and 13 women—in the southeastern United States.
Walking can significantly increase cardiorespiratory fitness and thereby reduce the incidence of heart disease in women. However, there is a paucity of research aimed at increasing walking in rural women, a high-risk group for heart disease and one for which exercise strategies may pose particular challenges.
Increasing physical activity is a cornerstone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and in general practice it is a challenge to achieve long-term adherence to this life style change. The aim of this study was to investigate in a non-randomized design whether the introduction of motivational interviewing combined with fitness tests in the type 2 diabetes care program was followed by a change in cardio-respiratory fitness
Overweight and obesity among adolescents may have consequences, with potentially lasting effects on health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Excess weight is also associated with decreases in physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness.
Motivational interviewing is one strategy that can assist students in reaching their health goals.
This paper will provide a brief overview of MI and will evaluate empirical studies testing the effectiveness and clinical utility of MI in diet and exercise