Published Studies


Future Role for Motivational Interviewing in the Treatment of Insomnia - An Opinion

There seems to be promise in the area of MI on insomnia.

Given the paucity of data in this area, more research with bigger group of study

participants are needed to fully conclude the effectiveness of this treatment.

Motivational interviewing (MINT) improves continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) acceptance and

Adherence to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy (CPAP) for Obstructive

Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is poor. We assessed the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing

intervention (MINT) in addition to best practice standard care to improve acceptance and adherence

to CPAP therapy in people with a new diagnosis of OSA. 

Evaluation of novel school-based interventions for adolescent sleep problems

The current study aimed to evaluate school-based motivational sleep education programs (SEPs) with adjunct bright light therapy (BLT) and/or parental involvement (PI).

Evaluating the effectiveness of the Motivating Teens To Sleep More program

The Motivating Teens to Sleep More program is a novel intervention that contributes theoretically to the field of pediatric sleep by merging three approaches to motivate normally developing adolescents to adopt earlier bedtimes

Ready, willing, and able? Sleep hygiene education, motivational interviewing

Recent research suggests that the school classroom may be a promising arena for the dissemination of sleep interventions for adolescents 

Use of a Wearable Technology and Motivational Interviews to Improve Sleep in Older Adults With Osteo

The feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a mobile health self-management intervention aimed at improving sleep among older adults with osteoarthritis and disturbed sleep were evaluated.

Book Chapter

Using Motivational Interviewing to Facilitate Healthier Sleep-Related Behaviors in Adolescents

Motivation is a crucial component to many types of behavior change in adolescents. However, to date there is no empirical evidence to indicate that motivational interviewing (MI) is effective for specific sleep disorders. In general, MI does not focus on directing the adolescent behavior toward goals established by the clinician, parent, or teacher. The approach begins by focusing on the adolescent's current interests and concerns, and aims to develop discrepancies between present behavior and important personal goals, values, and beliefs. MI focuses on responding to adolescents in ways that help resolve their own sources of ambivalence to behavior change, reduce resistance, and help move the adolescent to self-motivated positive changes in sleep-related behaviors. Clinicians who care for adolescents with sleep disorders are constantly addressing behavioral issues. Whether trying to motivate changes in sleep habits and schedules, modifying late-night social activities, avoiding caffeine, tobacco, drug or alcohol intake, altering behaviors that negatively affect sleep, or trying to improve treatment adherence in patients with narcolepsy or sleep apnea, clinicians often struggle with how best to help adolescents make positive changes in their sleep-related behaviors. Simply giving advice or education alone is rarely an effective method for facilitating behavior change, particularly when there may be ambivalence or resistance to change. Adolescents often perceive advice as akin to being lectured, and may quickly “tune out” the clinician. In some cases, hearing an adult authority figure advocating what an adolescent “should” do can simply activate unspoken counterarguments in the adolescent, or stir up feelings of doubt as to whether the clinician's perspective or advice has any relevance.

Motivational Interviewing

Motivational Interviewing